Feature

38th GTP annual conference - Save the Date!

24.-26. Januar 2020           

UFA Fabrik Berlin

Conference theme: "Gender aspects of Global Child Health“

 

The 38th GTP annual conference is hosted by the paediatric department "Josephinchen" of the St. Joseph Krankenhauses in Berlin-Tempelhof under supervision of Dr. Beatrix Schmidt, head of deparment, as well as Dr. Sarah Kotsias-Konopelska, vice chairwoman of the GTP.

 

Welcome address

We are pleased to invite you to Berlin for our 38th annual conference of the German Society of Tropical Paediatrics and International Child Health.

We will address the topic of „Gender Aspects of Global Child Health“ from January 24th-26th 2020 at the UFA Fabrik in Berlin-Tempelhof. The conference programme will consist of various workshops, interesting talks by renowned speakers as well as submitted abstracts. Gender specific aspects of global child health will be presented to you from a medical as well as sociocultural point of view in an international as well as local context.

Join us for our social dinner on Saturday, January 26th 2020! After a delicious meal the live band „Echte Ärzte“ (www.echte-aerzte.de) will have us dance and party.

Please note our reduced fees for students and non-physicians as well as our child care service during the conference.

We are looking forward to welcoming you in Berlin!

Dr. Beatrix Schmidt und Dr. Sarah Kotsias – Konopelska  (conference hosts)
Dr. Stephanie Thein, Dr. Eva Senger, Dr. Pulad Tavakolipour, Dr. Juliane Wentrup, Claudia Lotz

 

Conference programme

For detailed and updated information please check our website regularily

Friday (15:00-23:00)

  • GTP Board meeting
  • Workshops
    • Student workshop (title TBA)
    • Health professions working group workshop (title TBA)
    • "Neglected tropical diseases - are they neglected?" (Prof. A. Stich)
    • TBA
  • Opening talks
    • “Working abroad” – Gender and Health (C. Kitz)
    • TBA
  • Conference opening
  • Get together with live music ("Bardomaniacs" - www.bardomaniacs.de) at the UFA Fabrik

 

Saturday (9:00 – open end)

  • Session 1: Sociocultural aspects of Global Child Health and gender
  • Session 2: Sexual health and well-being
  • Session 3: Submitted abstracts
  • Session 4: Gender-specific violence
  • GTP member assembly and alternative cultural program
  • Social evening with delicious food and live musik ("Echte Ärzte" - www.echte-aerzte.de) at the UFA Fabrik

 

Sunday (9:00-13:00)

  • Session 5: Infectious diseases and gender
  • Session 6: Submitted abstracts
  • Helmut Wolff Prize
  • Conference closure and lunch

 

 

Call for abstracts - deadline 30th September 2019

We are interested in hearing about your research, projects, relevant clinical work, etc. regarding “gender aspects of global child health”.

Deadline for abstract submission: 30th September 2019. – Please check for possible extensions.

Submit your abstracts with Re: “Abstract GTP2020” to gtp2020@globalchildhealth.de

Abstract criterie:

  • English or German (prefarably English)
  • 3000 characters (including blank characters) maximum
  • Abstract structure: Project description or research question, methods, results, discussion and conclusion.

 

Venue - UFA Fabrik Berlin

The UFA Fabrik is a former film production site which has been reopened in 1976 as a cultural center combining eco-friendly living and nutrition with sociocultural events throughout the year. It includes living spaces, a biological bakery, various spaces for intercultural events, sustainable agriculture projects and much more. We are happy to be ably to welcome you at such an interesting venue. For more information please refer to the website www.ufa-fabrik.de

The whole conference program as well as the get-together and the social evening will take place at the UFA Fabrik.

Address: UFA Fabrik Berlin, Viktoriastr. 10-18, 12101 Berlin

 

Anmeldung

Soon the application form will be online here

 

Early bird Regular price
GTP member Students / non-physicians 50 € 50 €
Physicians 150 € 170 €
non-member Students / non-physicians 60 € 60 €
Physicians 170 € 190 €
Social evening student rate 20 € 20 €
Social evening regular 40 € 40 €

 

  • Child care by certified kindergarten teachers will be offered during the conference hours on site and free of charge.
  • Couchsurfing for students will be organized by our student working group. Contact: gtpcouchsurfing@globalchildhealth.de

 

Events surrounding the conference

Please join us for our evening activities in order to converse, eat and party with your colleagues and friends at the conference.

Get together (Friday evening)

Food and music by the live band “Bardomaniacs” bardomaniacs.de

Cultural programme during the GTP member assembly (Saturday afternoon).

More information to follow

Social dinner (Saturday evening) – reduced fee for students!

Delicious food catered by restaurant Cana (Homepage) and wonderful live music by “Echte Ärzte” echte-aerzte.de

 

 

Accommodation

More information about hotels with reduced prices to be announced

Couchsurfing for students will be organized by our student working group. Contact: gtpcouchsurfing@globalchildhealth.de

 

Contact details

General inquiries and comments (not for applications):
gtp2020@globalchildhealth.de

Conference applications online:
https://globalchildhealth.de/38-gtp-jahrestagung-2020/

Banking details:
To be announced

Couchsurfing for students:
gtpcouchsurfing@globalchildhealth.de

Abstract submission:
gtp2020@globalchildhealth.de with Re: “Abstract GTP 2020” (Abstract criteria see above)

 


Paediatric ETAT+ training 2019

20.-22.09.2019 in Hamburg, Germany

Overview

  • Target group: Doctors and nursing staff with work experience, who are preparing for a placement abroad
  • Course language: English
  • Organizers: working group ETAT of GTP
  • Venue: Kinder-UKE Hamburg
  • Fees: Doctors 300€, Nursing staff 150€
  • Course leaflet for download (updated version coming soon)
  • Registration

The concept ETAT

ETAT+ (Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment) is a comprehensive and proven intervention developed specifically for implementation in first-level facility-based care in East Africa and Asia, thereby reaching the poorest and most vulnerable children in rural and periurban areas.

ETAT guidelines are designed to deal with common problems in paediatric departments in low resource setting where

  • Inpatient mortality is high.
  • Many of the patients die within 24 hours of admission

Common problems are e.g. inadequate service, low training level of staff, especially in emergency care, no or few written protocols, delays in initiating care. ETAT guidelines are developed by WHO and are adapted from the Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) guidelines used in western countries. ETAT guidelines are specifically aligned to common problems in the paediatric basic emergency care of in institutions with limited resources. They identify children with immediately life-threatening conditions which are most frequently seen in developing countries, such as obstruction of the airway and other breathing problems caused by infections, shock, severely altered central nervous system function (coma or convulsions), and severe dehydration in a structured and comprehensible manner and present simple yet clear guidelines for their medical care.

These guidelines were developed in Malawi, and were field-tested in several other countries including Angola, Brazil, Cambodia, Indonesia, Kenya and Niger.

In many places, ETAT is the cornerstone of decision making at first contact with a patient.

 

The paediatric ETAT+ course

The working group ETAT emerged within the GTP on the initiative of three alumni of the Intensive Course on Tropical Paediatrics (TropPaed), who have experienced the clinical significance of ETAT on various missions abroad. They have been trained as tutors and have lead trainings abroad. The first ETAT+ training by this working group was held successfully in September 2018 in Witten/Herdecke and received very positive feedback. The training is now becoming a regular event.

The course focusses on improving global child health through capacity building as well as assessment and treatment of sick children in low resource settings. It offers an introduction to a well-organized “critical care pathway” and good quality, basic paediatric emergency care, which can help to reduce paediatric hospital mortality.

Course content

Besides from lectures, the course is based on an interactive training. Skills stations include:

  • Bag and mask application
  • Intraosseous canula insertion
  • CPR of children and neonates
  • Many practical case simulations
After the course you will be able to:
  • Triage all sick children when they arrive at a health facility, into the following categories:
    • those with emergency signs
    • those with priority signs
    • those who are non-urgent cases
  • Assess a child’s airway and breathing and give emergency treatments.
  • Assess the child’s status of circulation and level of consciousness.
  • Manage shock, coma, and convulsions in a child.
  • Assess and manage severe dehydration in a child with diarrhoea.
  • Manage acute severe malnutrition.
  • Manage a sick neonate and a premature baby.
  • Assess and manage burns and trauma in a child.
  • Plan and implement ETAT in your own working area.
Impressions from the last course

"I liked all of the practical sessions – all very useful.”
“Very practical and structured training.”
“I liked the trainer team: good mixture, lots of experience, passionate teaching.”


TropPaed 2020 - 11th Intensive Course on Tropical Paediatrics and Global Child Health

This 5-day-course on Tropical Paediatrics and Global Child health was initiated in 2010 and has ever since taken place and been developed further on a yearly basis. It addresses the most important medical, intercultural, political and infrastructural aspects of Global Child Health.

Datum

27.01. – 31.01.2020
26.01. Anreise

Ort

Schloss Rauischholzhausen
(Bei Gießen)

Info

Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 50
Kurssprache: Englisch

Welcome

We cordially invite you to participate in our Intensive Course on Tropical Paediatrics and Global Child Health.

Once again we will provide you with a diverse course schedule containing lectures, practical workshops and clinical seminar. Furthermore there will be enough time for professional international exchange of plans and experiences.

As time goes by we will provide you with further details about the schedule and lecturers. Arrival will be possible from Sunday 5pm onwards. There will be dinner and access to your rooms. A good first opportunity to explore the castle grounds and extablish contacts. The official course program starts on Monday 8:30 am and ends on Friday 2 pm.

Provisional Schedule

Here you can find the preliminary topics of the course. There will be an evening program and case presentations from our international guests on some of the days.

  • Registration and introduction.
  • Introduction to Global Child Health
  • WHO programs and international collaborations
  • International communication
  • Challenges in setting up a paediatric department
  • Contributions from other specialties (i.e. surgery, dermatology, oncology, …)
  • Psychosocial apects of paediatrics

  • Introduction into the caring for a critically ill child in a resource-limited setting
  • Practical workshops regarding “the critically ill child” – i.e. malaria, neurological or respiratory emergencies, malnutrition, shock and ETAT
  • Scientific research and data collection

  • Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • Neonatology
  • Practical workshops regarding interventions in a resource-limited setting (i.e. invasive techniques, KMC, bCPAP, hospital and community neonatology)
  • Introduction into the big topics HIV/AIDS, malnutrition and tuberculosis
  • With whom and how to work abroad

  • Practical workshops about HIV/AIDS, malnutrition and tuberculosis
  • Contributions from other specialties (i.e. surgery, dermatology, oncology, family medicine, …)
  • Health systems in unstable countries
  • The role of the foreign paediatrician abroad

  • Laboratories in resource-limited settings
  • Antibiotic Stewardship
  • Updates on tropical medicine
  • Feedback, test and departure

Fee and application

The course fee includes participation in the course, course materials, accommodation, food and coffee breaks for 5 days.

Not included are alcoholic beverages and drinks outside the official mealtimes as well as transportation.

Scholarships are available for colleagues from low and middle income countries. Please apply with a motivational letter and CV. Further details are to be found reading the section on “sponsoring of international colleagues“. Application deadline: 15th July 2019

Apply for the course

Regulärer Preis Nichtmitglieder

ab 1.12.19
€ 1000

Regulärer Preis Nichtmitglieder

Early Bird bis 30.11.19
€ 900

Mitglieder-Preis GTP/ESPID

ab 1.12.19
€ 900

Mitglieder-Preis GTP/ESPID

Early Bird bis 30.11.19
€ 800

Course venue

The course is taking place at Schloß Rauischholzhausen which is the conference center of the University of Gießen. We are happy to be able to host our course at this historical and beautiful site. It offers learning space and accommodation combined in the same building and due to the affiliation with the University the prices are fair. A good variety of seminar rooms compliment our course concept of combining lectures with small group activities. Moving our course to this location in 2016 has proven to have been worthwhile.

Schloßpark 1, 35085 Ebsdorfergrund


Clinical coordinator - data for fever management - Switzerland

For detailed information on the job as well as on application procedures please refer to following website:

https://recruitingapp-2698.umantis.com/Vacancies/601/Description/2


Working Group Students and Young Doctors

Founded by motivated GTP-members, who aim at strengthening the connections between students and the GTP.

 

Goals of the working group

  • Connecting students and young doctors interested in tropical pediatrics and international child health
  • Exchange platform for projects related to tropical pediatrics, for students and young doctors, who have not yet completed their specialty training.
  • Exchange on options for further education or specialisation in the fields of tropical medicine and tropical pediatrics during and after medschool

 

Current projects

  • Annual students-workshop during the GTP annual conference: this workshop is ideally organized „by students for students“ or at least with the help of students. So far the workshops were mainly a forum for discussions concerning different topics of tropical medicine and international child health. Future plans also involve a more practical focus with hands-on workshops on topics relevant for tropical pediatrics.
  • Continuation of the Couchsurfing Program: local students provide free housing for other students attending the the GTP annual conference to keep travel expenses for students visiting from other cities or countries as low as possible.

 

Planned projects:

  • Creating an online-platform to connect interested students and young doctors and give them a forum for exchanging information on interesting projects, research and further education in the field of tropical pediatrics and international child health.

 

Contact and participation

The working group is looking for motivated participators. If you are interested or have any questions please contact Susanna van Eys (Email: susanna.vaneys@gmx.de).


GTP ultrasound courses

We have started offering ultrasound courses outside of Germany in 2017. In our courses you will have the chance to get to know pathologies specific of the region while being supervised by experienced sonographers. During your leasure time you'll be able expore parts of the hosting country. The main target group for our courses are doctors in training. They will be taught alongside local residents and specialists with no or little experience in sonography.

Next courses

11th-21st May 2019  ~  General sonography ~  Kathmandu, Nepal
  • This is a new initiative of this working group. Currently this course is only open for doctors from Nepal. We are looking into opening this course for non-Nepalese doctors in the future.
28th Oktober – 1st November 2019  ~  General sonography ~  Mwanza, Tanzania
  • Arrival in Mwanza on Sunday 27th Oktober 2019
  • Venue: Paediatric deparment at the Bugando Medical Centre (BMC) in Mwanza, Tanzania
  • Participants: 20 European and Tanzanian doctors
  • Course fees: 500 Euros (900 Euro in combination with the echokardiography training)
  • Further expenses: Flights to and from Mwanza and accommodation need to be booked by yourself. We are happy to provide suggestions on accommodation, visa, vaccinations and travel preparations.
  • Organizors: Dr. Neema Kayange (BMC), Dr. Christian Schmidt (Dinslaken, Germany)
  • Tutors: Dr. Udo Vester (Duisburg, Germany, Degum III), Dr. Bernd Erkert (Münsterlingen, Switzerland), Prof. Stephan Gehring (Mainz, Germany)
  • Please send your application to Dr. Christian Schmidt (email)
4th-8th November 2019  ~  Echokardiography ~  Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Arrival in Dar Es Salaam on Friday 3rd November 2019
  • Venue: Paediatric Cardiology Department at JKCI Cardiac Centre Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Participants: 20 European and Tanzanian doctors
  • Course fees: 500 Euros (900 Euro in combination with the general sonography training)
  • Further expenses: Flights to and from Mwanza and accommodation need to be booked by yourself. We are happy to provide suggestions on accommodation, visa, vaccinations and travel preparations.
  • Organizors: Dr. Naiz (JKCI) and Dr. Züchner (GTP)
  • Tutors: Dr. Sulende Kubhoja (JKCI), Dr. Godfrey Mbawala (JKCI), Dr. Schmidt (Dinslaken, Germany)
  • Please send you application to Dr. Christian Schmidt (email)

 

Course archive

05.11.-09.11.2018  /  Echokardiography  /  Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
29.10.-02.11.2018  /  General sonography (Head, thorax, abdomen)  /  Mwanza, Tanzania
06.11.-15.11.2017  /  General sonography and echokardiography  /  Mwanza, Tanzania


Hospital partnership GTP - Newborn unit at the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar Es Salaam

About the project

Within the "hospital partnerships - Partners strengthen health" initiative the GTP commits itself to improving newborn care at the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The project startet at the end of 2018 and receives technical support from the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) and financial support from the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well es from the Else Kroener Fresenius Foundation (EKFS). Our Tanzanian partners have asked for implementation of ultrasound and echokardiography as well as for training for doctors and nurses in various forms of invasive and non-invasive ventilation.

The newborn unit at the MNH has got more than 100 beds and receives between 6500 to 7000 newborns per year as inpatients. The MNH is affiliated with the biggest medical faculty of Tanzania: MUHAS (Muhimbili University for Health and Allied Sciences).

 

Vacancies - we are looking for lecturers

  • Neonatologists
  • Nurses with experience in neonatology

Wir are looking forward to receiving applications from GTP-members or colleagues who would like to become members and who are neonatologists or nurses with experience in neonatology and who are interested in lecturing colleagues at the MNH in Tanzania.

Experience in working abroad and teaching are of advantage but not crucial.

  • Duration of stay: 2-3 weeks (dates flexible)
  • Requirements: Good English skills
  • Pay: All expenses connected to the deployment will be covered

 

Contact and application

If you are interested please send a short CV to:
Dr. Carsten Krüger (email) - Programme coordinator in Germany
Dr. Antke Züchner (email) - Programme coordinator in Tanzania

 

Foto Credits: (c) Muhimbili National Hospital Webblog

 


Klinikpartnerschaft GTP-Malawi

Über das Projekt

In einem Kooperationsprojekt mit der GIZ, finanziert durch die Else-Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung (EKFS) und das Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ), engagiert sich die GTP, unterstützt durch das Forum für Internationale Gesundheit (www.foring.org), seit 2017 sehr erfolgreich in der fachärztlichen Ausbildung von Pädiatern in Malawi. Der Postgraduierten-Studiengang am College of Medicine in Malawis Hauptstadt Lilongwe wird von mehreren internationalen Partnern getragen und umfasst ebenfalls die Ausbildung von sog. „Clinical Officers“ zur Weiterbildung in der Pädiatrie. Das Projekt besteht für die GTP aus folgenden Komponenten:

  • Bis zu 6 Lehrbesuche deutscher PädiaterInnen im Jahr in Malawi
  • Durchführung von gemeindebasierter Lehre vor Ort
  • Betreuung von Forschungsprojekten, die zu Veröffentlichungen führen
  • Entsendung von freiwilligen ÄrztInnen, Krankenschwestern und Hebammen zum Unterricht vor Ort

 

Möglichkeit zur Mitarbeit - Dozenten gesucht

Für die Komponenten 1, 2 und 4 sucht die GTP zusammen mit dem BMZ kinderärztliche KollegInnen mit Lehrerfahrung oder Arbeitserfahrung in ressourcenarmen Ländern, die bereit sind, für einen begrenzten Zeitraum (ab 2 Wochen Dauer) in Malawi zu unterrichten und somit als Ausbilder oder Dozenten unser Programm zu unterstützen.

Wir würden uns über Interesse von KollegInnen freuen, die prinzipiell an einer Mitarbeit interessiert sind. Die deutsche Staatsbürgerschaft ist k e i n e Voraussetzung. Weitere Informationen zum Projekt und einer Bewerbung können entweder vom Programmverantwortlichen in Deutschland Dr. Carsten Krüger (email) oder vom Projektleiter vor Ort Dr. Andreas Schultz (email) erfragt werden.

Voraussetzungen für eine Mitarbeit im Modul 1 und 2:
  • Facharzt Pädiatrie, möglichst mit Zusatzbezeichnung
  • Nachweisbare Erfahrung im Unterricht in Postgraduiertenstudiengängen
  • Arbeitserfahrung oder Lehrerfahrung im subsaharischen Afrika/Low-Ressource-Setting
Voraussetzungen für eine Mitarbeit im Modul 4:
  • Abgeschlossene Berufsausbildung in den genannten Disziplinen
  • Erfahrung im Unterricht in Bachelor- und Masterstudiengängen
  • Interkulturelle Kompetenz und Teamgeist

Alle Auslagen in Zusammenhang mit der Vorbereitung und Durchführung der Unterrichtskomponenten in Deutschland und Malawi werden übernommen, ein Gehalt kann leider nicht gezahlt werden. Reiselust, Improvisationsfähigkeit und Abenteuerlust sind von Vorteil. Wir suchen KollegInnen, die uns helfen, junge, begeisterte malawische Fachärzte in der Ausbildung zu begleiten sowie unser Weiterbildungsprogramm in der Pädiatrie für „Clinical Officers“ zu erweitern.

Derzeit gefragte Zusatzbezeichnungen ab Januar 2019:
  • Notfallmedizin
  • Intensivmedizin
  • Qualitätsmanagement
  • Neonatologie
  • Kardiologie
  • Infektiologie
  • Gastroenterologie
  • Neurologie
Derzeit gefragte Zusatzbezeichnungen ab August 2019:
  • Allergologie
  • Pulmonologie
  • Endokrinologie
  • Neuropädiatrie
  • Onkologie und Palliativmedizin
  • Nephrologie

 

Kontakt und Bewerbung

Bei Interesse schreiben Sie bitte an:
Dr. Carsten Krüger (email) - Programmverantwortlicher in Deutschland
Dr. Andreas Schultz (email) - Projektleiter vor Ort

Ferner füllen Sie bitte das Bewerbungsformular auf der Forin-Webseite aus. Dies erleichtert die Einschätzung auf malawischer Seite, inwieweit ein Einsatz sinnvoll ist.


Symposium "Global Trauma Care"

The German Society for Tropical Surgery (DTC) organizes a symposium on "Global Trauma Care" from 26th-28th October 2018 in Berlin.

"As you know, accidents are a high priority in children.

We would like to invite GTP members and interested to participate in the symposium. There will be plenty of opportunity for information exchange.

For more information see www.tropenchirurgie.org

Best regards

German Society for Tropical Surgery

GTP unterstützt drei Positionspapiere der ISSOP

In Anbetracht der aktuellen politischen und medizinpolitischen Ereignisse unterstützt die GTP ausdrücklich folgende drei Deklarationen bzw. Positionspapiere der International Society for Social Pediatrics and Child Health (ISSOP) und möchte hiermit auf den Textinhalt aufmerksam machen.

 

Budapest Declaration on the Rights, Health and Well-Being of Children and Youth on the Move

Die GTP unterstützt diese 2017 bei der Jahrestagung der ISSOP verfasste Deklaration, welche in klaren Punkten zusammenfasst und dazu aufruft die Rechte und das Recht auf Gesundheits für migrierenden Kindern und Jugendlichen nicht von denen ortsansässiger Kinder und Jugendlichen zu unterscheiden und dafür Sorge zu tragen und verantwortlich zu sein, dass diese vulnerable Gruppe die bestmögliche Behandlung und Fürsorge erhält.

 

Response to US government's separation of families and violation of child and human rights

Die GTP unterstützt den Aufruf der ISSOP an die USA die Trennung von Kindern und Eltern an der mexikanischen Grenze zu unterbinden und beruft sich hier u. a. auch auf die o. g. Budapester Deklaration.

 

Statement on America’s Opposition to the International Resolution in Support of Breastmilk Feeding

Die GTP schließt sich der ISSOP in ihrem Positionspapier gegen das Vorgehen der USA die globalen Kollaborationen zur Förderung des Stillens zu unterbinden an. Wir zitieren hier einen Textauszug aus dem Positionspapier mit Kontaktdaten.

"The International Society of Social Pediatrics and Child Health (ISSOP), in concert with collaborating national and international societies of pediatrics (www.ISSOP.org), condemns in the most robust terms possible American officials’ attempts at the World Health Assembly to stop global collaboration to protect, promote and support breastmilk feeding.  Breastmilk feeding is recognized as among the most effective health promoting measures to advance infant and child health.  (https://www.issop.org/2008/02/01/essop-position-statement-2/)

In combination with the separation of children from their parents at the US border with Mexico (https://www.issop.org/2018/06/26/issop-response-us-governments-separation-families-violation-child-human-rights/), these policies represent a reprehensible global assault on the health and well-being of infants and children.  We call on all public and private sector individuals and organizations to register their concerns with their governments and with the U.S. Government; and for the dismissal of US policy makers connected with these decisions.

We also call on all national and international pediatric organizations and stakeholders in infant health and well-being to review and renew their support for the International Code on Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes; as well as their policies related to receiving support from formula companies—that inevitably create serious conflicts of interest.  (https://www.issop.org/2014/04/24/issop-position-statement-4/)."

Contact:

Jeffrey Goldhagen, M.D., Jeffrey.Goldhagen@jax.ufl.edu, 1.904.237.9475 (US)

                Nicholas Spencer, M.D., N.J.Spencer@warwick.ac.uk, +44.7542.961640 (Europe)